Muscular dystrophies are groups of diseases that impair the muscular tissue over time. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most prevalent malady of this type. It happens due to faults in the gene in charge of how vital proteins are kept in working order. The disorder typically strikes boys, and most signs begin to manifest themselves in childhood.
Children with DMD have trouble walking, standing up, and performing other tasks. Many normally depend on wheelchair transportation later on. They could also have heart and health problems. Such problems may worsen with age, but there are not currently any existing treatments. What is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy?
Types of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Dystrophy with varying characteristics is associated with forms of muscular dystrophy. Each type of ailment may result in progressive functional incapacity and degeneration.
- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
- Becker Muscular Dystrophy.
- Congenital Muscular Dystrophy.
- Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy.
- Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy.
- Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy.
- Emery–Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy.
- Distal Muscular Dystrophy.
Duchene Muscular Dystrophy
The classic type of muscular dystrophy in kids, Duchenne muscular dystrophy typically affects male children between 2 and 6 years of age. It begins with muscle loss in the hand. The muscles decrease gradually and appear larger. Over time and with intervention, the disease affects different people in different ways, but many people will eventually need to use a wheelchair.
Becker Muscular Dystrophy.
This form shares some similarities to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, but the symptoms are milder and appear later. It usually presents itself during the teenage years and within the ages of 2 and 16 but can come up until age 25. Like Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Becker muscular dystrophy predominantly affects only males and can cause heart disease.
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
Inherited syndromes progress slowly and impact both sexes. The two types of congenital muscular dystrophies identified, Fukuyama and CMND often cause muscle weakness at birth or in the first couple of months of life.
Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy is the most common type of muscle weakness in adults. It is referred to as myotonic muscular dystrophy because it lasts after activity or in cold temperatures. Myotonic muscular dystrophy affects both men and women, and it usually manifests in children. It typically shows up in newborns as well. Myotonic muscular dystrophy refers to the person’s symptoms, myotonia long stretches of muscle pain after exertion.
Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
A form of muscular dystrophy that starts in the hips and moves to other parts of the body, such as the shoulder area, arms, and legs, usually appearing in teens to early adulthood. Generally, by this age, affected individuals become debilitated and unable to walk.
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
The muscles located in the jaw, thorax, and upper-arm area are known as facioscapulohumeral. A type of muscular dystrophy afflicts teenagers and young adults, both men and women. It involves difficulty moving the face, shoulder, and upper arm area. The severity of the illness can vary, and the amount of paralysis ranges from mild to total.
Emery–Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
This rare type of muscular dystrophy appears from childhood to high school age and mainly affects males. In very rare cases, females may be affected. For that to happen, both of her X chromosomes (the ones she gets from her mother and the ones from her father) would have to contain the defective gene. It causes weakness and wasting in the shoulders, upper arms, and legs.
Distal Muscular Dystrophy
This group of rare diseases affects adults and young adults. It causes weakness and wasting of distal muscles (those furthest from the center) of the forearms, hands, lower legs, and feet. Affected individuals may experience corresponding problems, but they vary from one individual to another. The condition progress
Also Check, How Important Is Empathy